Study finds Family history key to breast cancer diagnosis

April 27, 2013 | By | Reply More

April 27, AP – Up to 90-95 per cent of all breast cancers have nothing to do with family history, 5-10 per cent of breast cancers occur in women whose families have a gene fault that is passed down through the family and puts them at greater risk.

human rights observers family history key to diagnosis breast cancer health & fitness

“The good news is that more than 8 out of 10 women who have a close relative with breast cancer will never develop it.”

When compared to the risk of the general population, you may have some increase in breast cancer risk if you have one of the following in your family:

  • A mother or sister diagnosed with breast cancer before the age of 40.
  • Two close relatives from the same side of the family diagnosed with breast cancer — at least one must be a mother, sister or daughter.
  • Three close relatives diagnosed with breast cancer at any age.
  • A father or brother diagnosed with breast cancer at any age.
  • A mother or sister with breast cancer in both breasts — the first cancer diagnosed before the age of 50.
  • One close relative with ovarian cancer and one with breast cancer; diagnosed at any age- at least one must be a mother, sister or daughter.

 

There are lifestyle choices you can make to keep your risk of developing breast cancer ‘as low it can be’

  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Exercising regularly
  • Limiting alcohol
  • Eating nutritious food
  • Never smoking (or quitting)

Recommended screening guidelines include;

  • A monthly breast self-examination beginning at the age of 20 years.
  • Clinical breast examination every three to six months starting no later than 10 years earlier than the age at which the youngest family member was diagnosed with breast cancer
  • A mammogram every year starting 10 years prior to the age of the youngest family member with breast cancer (but not earlier than the age of 25 and no later than the age of 40).
  • MRI of the breast.

Associated press writer for human rights observers – contributed to this report.

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Category: Health and Fitness

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